Preterite vs Imperfect in Spanish – What’s the difference? See here!

What is the difference between Preterite vs Imperfect in Spanish?

One of the first things that you should understand is that both are past tenses formed in Spanish. However, to try to keep it simple, today on this post we will focus primarily on examples of AR Spanish verbs using these 2 past tenses.

With these examples, you will learn what is the difference between Preterite and Imperfect so you can recognize them in conversation. For this post, we will use the Spanish verb cantar (to sing).

For conjugation of Spanish –ar verbs into the imperfect, you must drop the –ar tail and then add:

yo – cantaba

tú – cantabas

él/ella/usted – cantaba

nosotros – cantábamos

ellos /ellas / ustedes – cantaban

However, to form the Preterite of cantar you will have:

yo – canté

tú – cantaste

él/ella/usted – cantó

nosotros cantamos

ellos /ellas / ustedes cantaron

Typically when considering the Preterite vs Imperfect, the Preterite is used to simply express an action that has already happened in the past. However with the Imperfect, there could be a continued action in place. In Spanish, the imperfect is used to describe something that was happening or used to happen.

To illustrate this I will give a few examples below using the very same AR Spanish verb above cantar to see the difference between the Preterite vs Imperfect.

Preterite:

Ayer yo canté una canción en el show. Yesterday, I sang a song in the show.

Las muchachas cantaron en el concierto. The girls sang in the concert.

Imperfect:

Nosotros cantábamos mucho cuando estábamos en el grupo. We used to sing a lot when we were in the group.

Cuando ellos entraron en la casa, ustedes cantaban. You all were singing when they entered the house. Or, they came inside the house when you were singing.

 

 

Learn Spanish Days and Months of the Year

Today you will learn Spanish days and months of the year. Something that you will notice about the Spanish days of the week & months of the year in Spanish is that their English equivalents are written in uppercase.

The Spanish Days of the Week / Los Días de la Semana en Español

learn spanish days and months of the year

 

The Months of the Year in Spanish / Los Meses del Año en Español:

learn spanish days and months of the year

Here are some useful expressions to help you learn Spanish days and months of the year below:

el fin de semana = the weekend

¿Qué día de la semana es? What day of the week is it?

En qué mes del año es? What month of the year is it?

Hoy es = today is

Mañana es = tomorrow is

 

 

 

 

 

How to tell time in Spanish – Como decir la hora en espanol?

How To Tell Time in Spanish?

how to tell time in spanish

Telling time in Spanish is quite easy if you know your numbers 1-60 in Spanish.

how to tell time in spanish

There are some simple questions & expressions that you could use to ask for the time in Spanish. Notice some below:

Unidades de tiempo / Units of time:

a second = un segundo ; seconds = segundos

a minute = un minuto ; minutes = minutos

an hour = una hora; hours = horas

a quarter of an hour = un cuarto de hora

half an hour = media hora

Para preguntar la hora / To ask for the time

What time is it? ¿Qué hora es?

Can you tell me what time? ¿Me puedes decir la hora?

What time do you have? ¿Qué hora tienes?

Now let’s look at a few examples of expressions below of how to tell time in Spanish:

it’s twelve o’clock – son las doce

it’s exactly five o’clock – son las cinco en punto

it’s a quarter past three – son las tres y cuarto or son las tres y quince

it’a almost 11pm – son casi las once de la noche

around or about 4 p.m – alrededor de las cuatro de la tarde

sometime between 9 and 10 a.m. – entre las nueve y diez de la mañana.

If Spanish, if you would like to state a specify time in the morning, in the afternoon or at night, use the following:

in the morning  – de la mañana

in the afternoon – de la tarde

in the evening – de la tarde/noche

at night –  de la noche

midnight – medianoche

a mediodia – noon

Now that you have learned a few expressions about how to tell time in Spanish, why not try practicing these with a native speaker? The more you practice telling time in Spanish, the better you will be.

 

 

How to Form the Past Tense of AR Verbs in Spanish Using Haber

Do you want to know how to form the past tense of AR verbs in Spanish using Haber?

Haber as you may know already is a helper or linking verb used in Spanish for quite a few things. To form the past tense of Spanish verbs you will need to use the correct conjugated form of haber along with the subject used. Being that on this post we will focus primarily on -ar Spanish verbs, let’s use hablar as an example.

Hablar means “to speak or talk” in Spanish.

yo he hablado I have spoken

has hablado you have spoken (informal)

él ha hablado he has spoken

ella ha hablado she has spoken

usted ha hablado you have spoken (formal)

nosotros hemos hablado we have spoken

ustedes han hablado you all have spoken

ellos han hablado (they have spoken/can be all males or mixed group)

ellas han hablado (they have spoken/all female group)

Now that you have learned how to form the past tense of AR verbs in Spanish using haber, lets take a look at a few written examples below.

Yo he hablado hoy con mi maestro de ciencia acerca del examen. I have spoken today to my science teacher about the test.

Ellas han hablado con sus amigas. They have spoken or have talked with their friends.

Ha hablado Pablo con su hermano? Has Pablo spoken with his brother?

As you can see, forming the past tense of AR verbs in Spanish using haber is quite easy. If you have additional questions about these and need Spanish tutoring services, feel free to contact us today.